Create an AVA wedge model
A wedge model can provide information on tuning effects, but using DUG Insight, we can also investigate how predicted tuning amplitudes vary with angle (AVA). In this tutorial, we continue with the model we built in our earlier workflow.
If you haven’t done so already, please see our earlier tutorial: Create a Wedge Model.
Creating the Wedge Angle Synthetics
In our previous workflow, we created a synthetic model using an “LF Model (Simple Kriging)” and these settings.
This model is calculating synthetics at an angle of incidence of 0 degrees. At this angle, the synthetics are calculated using the reflectivity from P-Impedance only. To investigate AVA effects, we will need to model synthetics at angles greater than 0.
Let’s create the additional angles. Repeat these steps for each angle from 10 to 50.
- Right-click the “Wedge Model” process, choose Create Copy.
- Name it “Wedge Model 10deg”.
- Set the Angle of Incidence to 10 deg.
- Repeat for angles 20, 30, 40, 50.
Your process list should look like this:
Because these are Insight processes, the results are available immediately and they use almost no storage.
Each process creates four models (P, S, Rho, Synthetics), so our Volume tab will be quite full. I’ve organised the result volumes using folders to tidy up.
Build a synthetic AVA Wedge Gather
Comparing the results is easy. Switch between the different synthetic angles using the volume selector, or by using the Page-Up / Page-Down keys.
Let’s take these wedges into the next dimension. We’ll construct angle domain gathers from the results using a “Create Gathers” process.
- In the Process Tab, click the (+) and choose “Create Gathers”
- Name it: “AVA Wedge”
- Choose “Angle” for the gather dimension
- Use the (+) to add rows for the 6 wedge models (angles 0 to 50)
- Enter the angle and choose the appropriate volume.
Let’s take a look at the results. We’ll use the IL/Gather/CL view to get a nicely interactive display. To use this display with these results:
- In the Control Panel, choose new IL/Gather/CL view.
- In Vol, choose the AVA Wedge gather volume.
- In Gath Vol, choose the same AVA Wedge volume.
- Adjust the vertical intercept in the right-hand stack panel to select the thickness of the wedge displayed in the gather.
- This adjusts the “IL” location. The wedge thins with increasing inline value.
- Adjust the vertical intercept in the centre gather panel to select the angle displayed in the stack panel.
- This adjusts the “Angle” location.
This is a really interesting result!
In the gather panel, we can see that the amplitude dims with angle, until it reaches 30 degrees, where it begins to brighten again.
As always, all of the parameters are adjustable and the results update on the fly.
Here are some ideas:
- Change the wavelet frequency or use a wavelet extracted from seismic
- Update the lithology properties to model different reservoir characteristics
- Replace the wedge horizons with actual top and base picks from a known formation.